Text Options for the Visually Impaired Font Size: a- A+ Color: A A A Revert 
Close vision bar
Open vision bar
light blue pattern background
Parent Rights

Part B

Procedural Safeguards Notice

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the Federal law concerning the education of students with disabilities.  IDEA requires school districts to provide parents of a child with a disability with a notice containing a full explanation of the procedural safeguards available under the IDEA and U.S. Department of Education regulations. 

This procedural safeguards notice must include a full explanation of all procedural safeguards available under the Federal IDEA regulations: Unilateral Placement at Private School at Public Expense (34 CFR 300.148); Formal Written Complaint Procedures (300.151 through 300.153); Consent (34 CFR 300.300);    Procedural Safeguards in Subpart E of the IDEA Regulations (34 CFR 300.502 through 300.503, 34 CFR 300.505 through 300.518, and 34 CFR 300.530 through 300.536);  and Confidentiality of Information Provisions in Subpart F (34 CFR 300.610 through 300.625).  A copy of the Procedural Safeguards Notice must be given to parents only one time a school year, except that a copy must be given to the parents: 

  • Upon initial referral or parent request for evaluation;
  • Upon receipt of the first formal written complaint under 34 CFR §§300.151 through 300.153 and upon receipt of the first due process hearing request under §300.507 in a school year;
  • When a decision is made to take a disciplinary action that constitutes a change of placement; and
  • Upon parent request.  [34 CFR §300.504(a)]

The Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) has drafted a model Procedural Safeguards Notice for use by the States, which contains the information required by IDEA.  The Kentucky Department of Education has adopted the OSEP model notice and has added Kentucky-specific information to make the notice relevant for use in Kentucky.

The resulting Kentucky Procedural Safeguards Notice complies with the 2004 IDEA Reauthorization and corresponding Kentucky law.  Kentucky school districts may draft their own Procedural Safeguards Notice and are not required to use the model notice; however, districts that use the KDE model notice ensure their compliance with IDEA in this area.

 

 

 

 

General Information.. 1

Prior Written Notice. 1

Native Language. 2

Electronic Mail 2

Parental Consent - Definition.. 2

Parental Consent 2

Independent Educational Evaluations. 4

Confidentiality of Information.. 6

Definitions. 6

Personally Identifiable. 6

Notice to Parents. 6

Access Rights. 7

Record of Access. 7

Records on More Than One Child. 7

List of Types and Locations of Information.. 7

Fees. 7

Amendment of Records at Parent’s Request 8

Opportunity for a Hearing. 8

Hearing Procedures. 8

Result of Hearing. 8

Consent For Disclosure of Personally Identifiable Information.. 8

Safeguards. 9

Destruction of Information.. 9

State Complaint Procedures. 9

Difference Between Due Process Hearing Complaint (Due process Hearing) and State Formal Written Complaint Procedures. 9

Adoption of State Formal Written Complaint Procedures. 10

Minimum State Complaint Procedures. 10

Filing a (Formal Written) Complaint 11

Due Process Complaint Procedures. 13

Filing a Due Process Complaint (due Process hearing Request) 13

Due Process Complaint (Due process hearing Request) 13

Model Forms. 15

Mediation.. 15

The Child’s Placement While the Due Process request and Hearing are PENDING (“Stay-put” rule) 16

Resolution Process. 16

Definitions - Day; Business day. 18

Hearings on Due Process Complaints/ Hearing Requests. 18

Impartial Due Process Hearing. 18

Hearing Rights. 19

Hearing Decisions. 19

Appeals. 21

Finality of Decision; Appeal; Impartial Review.. 21

Timelines and Convenience of Hearings and Reviews. 21

Civil Actions, Including the Time Period in Which to File Those Actions. 22

Attorneys’ Fees. 23

Procedures When Disciplining  Children with Disabilities. 24

Authority of School Personnel 24

Change of Placement Because of Disciplinary Removals. 27

Determination of Setting. 27

Appeal 27

Placement During Appeals. 28

Protections for Children Not Yet Eligible for Special Education and Related Services. 28

Referral to and Action by Law Enforcement and Judicial Authorities. 29

Requirements for Unilateral Placement by Parents of Children in Private Schools at Public Expense. 30

General 30

 

 

General Information

34 CFR §300.503

Notice

Your school district must give you written notice (provide you certain information in writing), whenever it:

  1. Proposes to initiate or to change the identification, evaluation, or educational placement of your child, or the provision of a free appropriate public education (FAPE) to your child; or
  2. Refuses to initiate or to change the identification, evaluation, or educational placement of your child, or the provision of FAPE to your child.

Content of notice

The written notice must:

  1. Describe the action that your school district proposes or refuses to take;
  2. Explain why your school district is proposing or refusing to take the action;
  3. Describe each evaluation procedure, assessment, record, or report your school district used in deciding to propose or refuse the action;
  4. Include a statement that you have protections under the procedural safeguards provisions in Part B of the IDEA;
  5. Tell you how you can obtain a description of the procedural safeguards if the action that your school district is proposing or refusing is not an initial referral for evaluation;
  6. Include resources for you to contact for help in understanding Part B of the IDEA;
  7. Describe any other choices that your child's Admissions and Release Committee (ARC) considered and the reasons why those choices were rejected; and
  8. Provide a description of other reasons why your school district proposed or refused the action.

Notice in understandable language

The notice must be:

  1. Written in language understandable to the general public; and
  2. Provided in your native language or other mode of communication you use, unless it is clearly not feasible to do so.

If your native language or other mode of communication is not a written language, your school district must ensure that:

  1. The notice is translated for you orally by other means in your native language or other mode of communication;
  2. You understand the content of the notice; and

3.  There is written evidence that 1 and 2 have been met.

34 CFR §300.29

Native language, when used with an individual who has limited English proficiency, means the following:

  1. The language normally used by that person, or, in the case of a child, the language normally used by the child's parents;
  1. In all direct contact with a child (including evaluation of the child), the language normally used by the child in the home or learning environment.

For a person with deafness or blindness, or for a person with no written language, the mode of communication is what the person normally uses (such as sign language, Braille, or oral communication).

34 CFR §300.505

If your school district offers parents the choice of receiving documents by e-mail, you may choose to receive the following by e-mail:

  1. Prior written notice;
  2. Procedural safeguards notice; and
  3. Notices related to a due process complaint (i.e., due process hearing).

34 CFR §300.9

Consent

Consent means:

  1. You have been fully informed in your native language or other mode of communication (such as sign language, Braille, or oral communication) of all information about the action for which you are giving consent.
  2. You understand and agree in writing to that action, and the consent describes that action and lists the records (if any) that will be released and to whom; and
  3. You understand that the consent is voluntary on your part and you may withdraw your consent at anytime.

Your withdrawal of consent does not negate (undo) an action that has occurred after you gave your consent and before you withdrew it.

34 CFR §300.300

Consent for initial evaluation

Your school district cannot conduct an initial evaluation of your child to determine whether your child is eligible under Part B of the IDEA to receive special education and related services without first providing you with prior written notice of the proposed action and without obtaining your consent as described under this heading (Parental Consent). 

Your school district must make reasonable efforts to obtain your informed consent for an initial evaluation to decide whether your child is a child with a disability.

Your consent for initial evaluation does not mean that you have also given your consent for the school district to start providing special education and related services to your child.

If your child is enrolled in public school or you are seeking to enroll your child in a public school and you have refused to provide consent or failed to respond to a request to provide consent for an initial evaluation, your school district may, but is not required to, seek to conduct an initial evaluation of your child by utilizing IDEA’s procedural safeguards, such as mediation, an impartial due process hearing and resolution meeting. Your school district will not violate its obligations to locate, identify and evaluate your child if it does not pursue an evaluation of your child in these circumstances.

Special rules for initial evaluation of wards of the State

If a child is a ward of the State and is not living with his/her parent —

The school district does not need consent from the parent for an initial evaluation to determine if the child is a child with a disability if:

  1. Despite reasonable efforts to do so, the school district cannot find the child’s parent;

  2. The rights of the parents have been terminated in accordance with State law; or

  3. A judge has assigned the right to make educational decisions and to consent for an initial evaluation to an individual other than the parent.

    In no event may the Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services act as a parent under Part B of IDEA

Ward of the State, under Kentucky law, means:

A child who has been committed to the Cabinet for Health and Family Services or the Department of Juvenile Justice through a legal process, whether the commitment is voluntary or non-voluntary and the biological or adoptive parent rights have been terminated;

Ward of the State does not include a foster child who has a foster parent.

Parental consent for services

Your school district must obtain your informed consent before providing special education and related services to your child for the first time.

The school district must make reasonable efforts to obtain your informed consent before providing special education and related services to your child for the first time.

If you refuse or do not respond to a request to provide your consent for your child to receive special education and related services for the first time, your school district may not use the IDEA procedural safeguards, such as an impartial due process hearing and resolution meeting, to obtain a ruling that special education and related services be provided to your child without your consent.

If you refuse to give your consent for your child to receive special education and related services for the first time, or if you do not respond to a request to provide such consent and the school district does not provide your child with the special education and related services, your school district:

  1. Is not in violation of the requirement to make a free appropriate public education (FAPE) available to your child for its failure to provide those services to your child; and
  2. Is not required to have an ARC meeting or develop an IEP for your child for the special education and related services for which your consent was requested.

Parental consent for reevaluations

Your school district must obtain your informed consent before it reevaluates your child, unless your school district can demonstrate that:

  1. It took reasonable steps to obtain your consent for your child's reevaluation; and
  2. You did not respond.

If you refuse to consent to your child's reevaluation, the school district may, but is not required to, pursue your child's reevaluation by seeking to override your refusal to consent to your child’s reevaluation by using the impartial due process hearing/resolution meeting procedures.  As with initial evaluations, your school district does not violate its obligations under IDEA if it declines to pursue the reevaluation in this manner.

Documentation of reasonable efforts to obtain parental consent

Your school must maintain documentation of reasonable efforts to obtain parental consent for initial evaluations, to provide special education and related services for the first time, to reevaluation and to locate parents of wards of the State for initial evaluations.  The documentation must include a record of the school district’s attempts in these areas, such as:

  1. Detailed records of telephone calls made or attempted and the results of those calls;
  2. Copies of correspondence sent to the parents and any responses received; and
  3. Detailed records of visits made to the parent’s home or place of employment and the results of those visits.

Other consent requirements

Your consent is not required before your school district may:

  1. Review existing data as part of your child's evaluation or a reevaluation; or
  2. Give your child a test or other evaluation that is given to all children unless, before that test or evaluation, consent is required from all parents of all children.

Your school district may not use your refusal to consent to one service or activity to deny you or your child any other service, benefit, or activity.

If you have enrolled your child in a private school at your own expense or if you are home schooling your child, and you do not provide your consent for your child's initial evaluation or your child's reevaluation, or you fail to respond to a request to provide your consent, the school district may request an impartial due process hearing to require your consent.  The school district is not required to consider your child as eligible to receive equitable services through a Services Plan (services made available to parentally-placed private school children with disabilities) if you refuse or fail to give consent..

34 CFR §300.502

General

As described below, you have the right to obtain an independent educational evaluation (IEE) of your child if you disagree with the evaluation of your child that was obtained by your school district. 

If you request an independent educational evaluation, the school district must provide you with information about where you may obtain an independent educational evaluation and about the school district’s criteria that apply to independent educational evaluations.

 

Definitions

Independent educational evaluation means an evaluation conducted by a qualified examiner who is not employed by the school district responsible for the education of your child.

Public expense means that the school district either pays for the full cost of the evaluation or ensures that the evaluation is otherwise provided at no cost to you, consistent with the provisions of Part B of the IDEA, which allow each State to use whatever State, local, Federal and private sources of support are available to meet the requirements of IDEA. 

Parent right to evaluation at public expense

You have the right to an independent educational evaluation of your child at public expense if you disagree with an evaluation of your child obtained by your school district, subject to the following conditions:

  1. If you request an independent educational evaluation of your child at public expense, your school district must, without unnecessary delay, either

    (a) File a due process complaint to request a hearing to show that its evaluation of your child is appropriate; or

    (b) Provide an independent educational evaluation at public expense, unless the school district demonstrates in a hearing that the evaluation of your child that you obtained did not meet the school district’s criteria.

  2. If your school district requests a hearing and the final decision is that your school district’s evaluation of your child is appropriate, you still have the right to an independent educational evaluation, but not at public expense.

  3. If you request an independent educational evaluation of your child, the school district may ask why you object to the evaluation of your child obtained by your school district.However, your school district may not require an explanation and may not unreasonably delay either providing the independent educational evaluation of your child at public expense or filing a due process complaint to request a due process hearing to defend the school district’s evaluation of your child.

You are entitled to only one independent educational evaluation of your child at public expense each time your school district conducts an evaluation of your child with which you disagree.

Parent-initiated evaluations

If you obtain an independent educational evaluation of your child at public expense or you share with the school district an evaluation of your child that you obtained at private expense:

  1. Your school district must consider the results of the evaluation of your child, if it meets the school district’s criteria for independent educational evaluations, in any decision made with respect to the provision of a free appropriate public education (FAPE) to your child; and
  2. You or your school district may present the evaluation as evidence at a due process hearing regarding your child.

Requests for evaluations by hearing officers

If a hearing officer requests an independent educational evaluation of your child as part of a due process hearing, the cost of the evaluation must be at public expense.

School district criteria

If an independent educational evaluation is at public expense, the criteria under which the evaluation is obtained, including the location of the evaluation and the qualifications of the examiner, must be the same as the criteria that the school district uses when it initiates an evaluation (to the extent those criteria are consistent with your right to an independent educational evaluation).

Except for the criteria described above, a school district may not impose conditions or timelines related to obtaining an independent educational evaluation at public expense.

34 CFR §300.611

As used under the heading, Confidentiality of Information:

  • Destruction means physical destruction or removal of personal identifiers from information so that the information is no longer personally identifiable

  • Education records means the type of records covered under the definition of ‘‘education records’’ in 34 CFR Part 99 (the regulations implementing the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA), 20 U.S.C. 1232g).

  • Participating agency means any school district, agency or institution that collects, maintains, or uses personally identifiable information, or from which information is obtained, under IDEA.

34 CFR §300.32

Personally identifiable means information that has:

(a) Your child's name, your name as the parent, or the name of another family member;

(b) Your child's address;

(c) A personal identifier, such as your child’s social security number or student number; or

(d) A list of personal characteristics or other information that would make it possible             to identify your child with reasonable certainty.

Notice to Parents

34 CFR §300.612 

The Kentucky Department of Education (KDE) must give notice that is adequate to fully inform parents about confidentiality of personally identifiable information, including:

  1. A description of the extent to which the notice is given in the native languages of the various population groups in the State;

  2. A description of the children on whom personally identifiable information is maintained, the types of information sought, the methods that KDE intends to use in gathering the information (including the sources from whom information is gathered), and the uses to be made of the information;

  3. A summary of the policies and procedures that participating agencies must follow regarding storage, disclosure to third parties, retention, and destruction of personally identifiable information; and

  4. A description of all of the rights of parents and children regarding this information, including the rights under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) and its implementing regulations in 34 CFR Part 99.

    Before any major identification, location, or evaluation activity (also known as “child find”), the notice must be published or announced in newspapers or other media, or both, with circulation adequate to notify parents throughout Kentucky of the activity to locate, identify, and evaluate children in need of special education and related services.

34 CFR §300.613

The participating agency must permit you to inspect and review any education records relating to your child that are collected, maintained, or used by the participating agency under IDEA. The participating agency must comply with your request to inspect and review any education records on your child without unnecessary delay and before:

  • Any meeting regarding an individualized education program (IEP), or

  • Any impartial due process hearing (including a resolution meeting or a hearing regarding discipline), and

  • In no case more than 45 calendar days after you have made a request.

    Your right to inspect and review education records includes:

  • Your right to a response from the participating agency to your reasonable requests for explanations and interpretations of the records;

  • Your right to request that the participating agency provide you with copies of the records if you cannot effectively inspect and review the records unless you receive those copies; and

  • Your right to have your representative inspect and review the records.

    The participating agency may presume that you have authority to inspect and review records relating to your child unless advised that you do not have the authority under applicable Kentucky law governing such matters as guardianship, or separation and divorce.

34 CFR §300.614

Each participating agency must keep a record of parties obtaining access to education records collected, maintained, or used under Part B of the IDEA (except access by parents and authorized employees of the participating agency).  The record must include the name of the party, the date access was given, and the purpose for which the party is authorized to use the records.

34 CFR §300.615

If any education record includes information on more than one child, the parents of those children have the right to inspect and review only the information relating to their child or to be informed of that specific information.

34 CFR §300.616

On request, each participating agency must provide you with a list of the types and locations of education records collected, maintained, or used by the agency.

34 CFR §300.617

Each participating agency may charge a fee for copies of records that are made for you under IDEA, if the fee does not effectively prevent you from exercising your right to inspect and review those records.

A participating agency may not charge a fee to search for or to retrieve information under IDEA.

34 CFR §300.618

If you believe that information in the education records regarding your child collected, maintained, or used under IDEA is inaccurate, misleading, or violates the privacy or other rights of your child, you may request the participating agency that maintains the information to change the information.

The participating agency must decide whether to change the information in accordance with your request within a reasonable period of time of receipt of your request.

If the participating agency refuses to change the information in accordance with your request, it must inform you of the refusal and advise you of the right to a hearing for this purpose as described below under the heading, Opportunity for a Hearing.

34 CFR §300.619

The participating agency must, on request, provide you an opportunity for a hearing to challenge information in education records regarding your child to ensure that it is not inaccurate, misleading, or otherwise in violation of the privacy or other rights of your child.

34 CFR §300.621

A hearing to challenge information in education records must be conducted according to the procedures for such hearings under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA).

34 CFR §300.620

If, as a result of the hearing, the participating agency decides that the information is inaccurate, misleading or otherwise in violation of the privacy or other rights of the child, it must change the information accordingly and inform you in writing.

If, as a result of the hearing, the participating agency decides that the information is not inaccurate, misleading, or otherwise in violation of the privacy or other rights of your child, it must inform you of your right to place in the records that it maintains on your child a statement commenting on the information or providing any reasons you disagree with the decision of the participating agency.

Such an explanation placed in the records of your child must:

  1. Be maintained by the participating agency as part of the records of your child as long as the record or contested portion is maintained by the participating agency; and

  2. If the participating agency discloses the records of your child or the challenged portion to any party, the explanation must also be disclosed to that party.

34 CFR §300.622

 

Unless disclosure of the information contained in your child’s education records is authorized without parental consent under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), your prior, written consent must be obtained before personally identifiable information is disclosed to parties other than officials of participating agencies. 

Your consent is not required before personally identifiable information is released to officials of participating agencies for purposes of meeting a requirement of Part B of the IDEA, except under the circumstances specified below:

  • Your consent, or consent of an eligible child who has reached the age of eighteen (18), must be obtained before personally identifiable information is released to officials of participating agencies providing or paying for secondary transition services
  • If your child is in, or is going to go to, a private school that is not located in the same school district you reside in, your consent must be obtained before any personally identifiable information about your child is released between officials in the school district where the private school is located and officials in the school district where you reside. 

34 CFR §300.623

Each participating agency must protect the confidentiality of personally identifiable information at collection, storage, disclosure, and destruction stages.

One official at each participating agency must assume responsibility for ensuring the confidentiality of any personally identifiable information.

All persons collecting or using personally identifiable information must receive training or instruction regarding your State’s policies and procedures regarding confidentiality under IDEA and the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA).

Each participating agency must maintain, for public inspection, a current listing of the names and positions of those employees within the agency who may have access to personally identifiable information.

34 CFR §300.624

Your school district must inform you when personally identifiable information collected, maintained, or used is no longer needed to provide educational services to your child.

The information must be destroyed at your request. However, a permanent record of your child’s name, address, and phone number, his or her grades, attendance record, classes attended, grade level completed, and year completed may be maintained without time limitation.

 

The regulations for IDEA set forth separate procedures for State formal written complaints and for due process complaints and hearings. 

Who May File:

  • As explained below, any individual or organization may file a formal written complaint alleging a violation of any Part B requirement by a school district, KDE, or any other public agency.

  • Only you or a school district may file a due process complaint for a hearing, on any matter relating to a proposal or a refusal to initiate or change the identification, evaluation or educational placement of your child with a disability, or the provision of a free appropriate public education (FAPE) to your child.

    Time lines

  • Staff of the KDE generally must resolve a formal written complaint within a 60-day time line, unless the timeline is properly extended.

  • An impartial due process hearing officer must hear a due process complaint (if not resolved through a resolution meeting or through mediation) and issue a written decision within 45 days after the end of the resolution period, as described below under the heading Resolution Process, unless the hearing officer grants a specific extension of the timeline at your request or the school district's request.

    The State formal written complaint and due process complaint, resolution and hearing procedures are described more fully below.

34 CFR §300.151

General

The Kentucky Department of Education (KDE) must have written procedures for:

  1. Resolving any complaint, including a complaint filed by an organization or individual from another State;

  2. The filing of a complaint with KDE.

  3. Widely disseminating the State formal written complaint procedures to parents and other interested individuals, including parent training and information centers, protection and advocacy agencies, independent living centers, and other appropriate entities.

Remedies for denial of appropriate services

In resolving a State formal written complaint in which KDE has found a failure to provide appropriate services, KDE must address:

  1. The failure to provide appropriate services, including corrective action appropriate to address the needs of the child; and
  2. Appropriate future provision of services for all children with disabilities.

34 CFR §300.152

Time limit; minimum procedures

KDE must include in its State formal written complaint procedures a time limit of 60-days after a complaint is filed to:

  1. Carry out an independent on-site investigation, if KDE determines that an investigation is necessary;

  2. Give the complainant the opportunity to submit additional information, either orally or in writing, about the allegations in the complaint;

  3. Provide the school district or other public agency with the opportunity to respond to the complaint including, at the option of the agency,

     (a) A proposal to resolve the complaint; and

    (b) An opportunity for a parent who has filed a complaint and the agency to agree

         voluntarily to engage in mediation;

  4. Review all relevant information and make an independent determination as to whether the school district or other public agency is violating a requirement of Part B of the IDEA; and

  5. Issue a written decision to the complainant that addresses each allegation in the complaint and contains:

    (a) Findings of fact and conclusions; and

    (b) The reasons for KDE’s final decision.

Time extension; final decision; implementation

KDE’s formal written complaint procedures, described above, also must:

  1. Permit an extension of the 60-day time line only if:

(a) Exceptional circumstances exist with respect to a particular complaint; or

(b) the parent and the school district or other public agency involved voluntarily agree to extend the time to resolve the matter through mediation or alternative means of dispute resolution.

  1. Include procedures for effective implementation of KDE’s final decision, if needed, including:

(a) Technical assistance activities;

(b) Negotiations; and

(c) Corrective actions to achieve compliance.

State complaints and due process hearings

If a State formal written complaint is received that is also the subject of a due process hearing as described below under the heading, Filing a Due Process Complaint, or the formal written complaint contains multiple issues of which one or more are part of such a hearing, KDE must set aside the formal written complaint, or any part of it that is being addressed in the due process hearing, until the hearing is over. Any issue in the formal written complaint that is not a part of the due process hearing must be resolved using the time limit and procedures described above for formal written complaints.

If an issue raised in a formal written complaint has previously been decided in a due process hearing involving the same parties (you and the school district), then the due process hearing decision is binding on that issue.  KDE must inform the complainant that the due process hearing decision is binding.

A formal written complaint alleging a school district’s or other public agency’s failure to implement a due process hearing decision must be resolved by KDE.

34 CFR §300.153

An organization or individual may file a signed, formal written complaint under the procedures described above.

The complaint must include:

1.   A statement that a school district or other public agency has violated a requirement of Part B of the IDEA or its regulations;

2.   The facts on which the statement is based;

3.   The signature and contact information for the complainant; and

4.   If alleging violations regarding a specific child:

(a)     The name of the child and address of the residence of the child;

(b)     The name of the school the child is attending;

  1. In the case of a homeless child or youth, available contact information for the child, and the name of the school the child is attending;

  2. A description of the nature of the problem of the child, including facts relating to the problem; and

  3. A proposed resolution of the problem to the extent known and available to the party filing the complaint at the time the complaint is filed.

    The complaint must allege a violation that occurred not more than one year prior to the date that KDE receives the complaint, as described under the heading Adoption of State Formal Written Complaint Procedures.

    The complaint shall be mailed to:

    Director, Division of Exceptional Children Services

    Kentucky Department of Education

    500 Mero Street, Capital Plaza Tower

    8th Floor

    Frankfort, Kentucky 40601

    502.564.4970

     

    The party filing the formal written complaint must forward a copy of the complaint to the school district or other public agency serving the child at the same time the party files the complaint with KDE.

34 CFR §300.507

General

You or the school district may file a due process hearing request on any matter relating to a proposal or a refusal to initiate or change the identification, evaluation or educational placement of your child or the provision of a free appropriate public education (FAPE) to your child.

The hearing request must allege a violation that happened not more than three years before you or the school district knew or should have known about the alleged action that forms the basis of the due process complaint.

The above timeline does not apply to you if you could not file for a hearing within the timeline because:

  1. The school district specifically misrepresented that it had resolved the issues identified in the complaint; or
  2. The school district withheld information from you that it was required to provide you under Part B of the IDEA.

Information for parents

The school district must inform you of any free or low-cost legal and other relevant services available in the area if you request the information, or if you or the school district file a hearing request.

34 CFR §300.508

General

In order to request a hearing, you or the school district (or your attorney or the school district's attorney) must submit a due process complaint (hearing request) to the other party.  The hearing request must contain all of the content listed below and must be kept confidential.

You or the school district, whichever one filed the hearing request, must also provide KDE with a copy of the request.

Content of the complaint (hearing request)

The due process complaint (hearing request) must include:

  1. The name of the child;
  2. The address of the child’s residence;
  3. The name of the child’s school;
  4. A description of the nature of the problem of the child relating to the proposed or refused action, including facts relating to the problem; and
  5. A proposed resolution of the problem to the extent known and available to you or the school district at the time.
  6. If the child is a homeless child or youth, the hearing request must contain the child’s contact information and the name of the child’s school;

 

The due process hearing request shall be mailed to:

Director, Division of Exceptional Children Services

Kentucky Department of Education

500 Mero Street, Capital Plaza Tower

8th Floor

Frankfort, Kentucky 40601

502.564.4970

 

Notice required before a hearing on a due process hearing request

You or the school district may not have a due process hearing until you or the school district (or your attorney or the school district's attorney), files a due process hearing request that includes the information listed above.

Sufficiency of due process hearing request

In order for a due process hearing to go forward, the hearing request must be considered sufficient.  The party filing the hearing request may assume that the request contains all required information and is sufficient, unless the party receiving the due process complaint makes a written objection. 

To make an objection, the receiving party must, within 15 calendar days of receiving the hearing request, send written notice to the hearing officer and the party that asked for the hearing.  The receiving party’s written objection must state that the due process hearing request does not contain the IDEA requirements for a hearing request as listed above.

Within five calendar days of receiving the written notice, the hearing officer must decide if the hearing request meets the requirements listed above.  The hearing officer must notify you and the school district in writing immediately.

Complaint amendment

You or the school district may make changes to the complaint only if:

  1. The other party approves of the changes in writing and is given the chance to resolve the due process complaint through a resolution meeting, described below; or
  2. By no later than five days before the due process hearing begins, the hearing officer grants permission for the changes.

If the party asking for the hearing (you or the school district) makes changes to the due process hearing request, the timelines for the resolution meeting (within 15 calendar days of receiving the complaint) and the time period for resolution (within 30 calendar days of receiving the complaint) start again on the date the amended complaint is filed.

Local educational agency (LEA) or school district response to a due process complaint (hearing request)

If the school district has not sent a prior written notice to you, as described under the heading Prior Written Notice, regarding the subject matter contained in your hearing request, the district must send you a response within 10 calendar days of receiving the hearing request.  The response must include:

  1. An explanation of why the school district proposed or refused to take the action raised in the due process complaint;
  2. A description of other options that your child's individualized education program (IEP) Team considered and the reasons why those options were rejected;
  3. A description of each evaluation procedure, assessment, record, or report the school district used as the basis for the proposed or refused action; and
  4. A description of the other factors that are relevant to the school district’s proposed or refused action.

Providing the information in items 1-4 above does not prevent the school district from asserting that your due process hearing request was insufficient.

Other party response to a due process complaint (hearing request)

Except as stated immediately above, under Local educational agency (LEA) or school district response to a due process complaint (hearing request), the party receiving a hearing request must send the other party a response that specifically addresses the issues raised in the hearing request. The response must be sent within 10 calendar days of receiving the hearing request.

34 CFR §300.509

KDE must develop model forms to help you file a due process hearing request and a formal written complaint. However, you cannot be required to use these model forms.  You can use the KDE form or another appropriate model form, so long as it contains the required information for filing a due process hearing request or a formal written complaint.

34 CFR §300.506

General

The school district must have a process in place that allows you and the school district to resolve disagreements involving any matter under Part B of the IDEA, including matters arising prior to the filing of a due process hearing request.  Thus, mediation is available to resolve disputes under IDEA, even if you have not requested a due process hearing as described under the heading, Filing a Due Process Complaint (Due Process Hearing Request).

Requirements

The procedures must ensure that the mediation process:

  1. Is voluntary on your part and the school district's part;
  2. Is not used to deny or delay your right to a due process hearing, or to deny any other rights you have under IDEA; and
  3. Is conducted by a qualified and impartial mediator who is trained in effective mediation techniques.

KDE must have a list of people who are qualified mediators and know the laws and regulations relating to the provision of special education and related services. KDE must select mediators on a random, rotational, or other impartial basis. 

KDE is responsible for the cost of the mediation process, including the costs of meetings.

Each meeting in the mediation process must be scheduled in a timely manner not to exceed sixty (60) days and held at a place that is convenient for you and the school district.

If you and the school district resolve a dispute through the mediation process, both parties must enter into a legally binding agreement that sets forth the resolution and that:

  1. States that all discussions that happened during the mediation process will remain confidential and may not be used as evidence in any subsequent due process hearing or civil proceeding; and
  2. Is signed by both you and a representative of the school district who has the authority to bind the school district.

A written, signed mediation agreement is enforceable in any State court of competent jurisdiction (a court that has the authority under Kentucky law to hear this type of case) or in a United States Federal district court.

Discussions that happened during the mediation process must be confidential. They cannot be used as evidence in any future due process hearing or civil proceeding of any Federal or State court.

Impartiality of mediator

The mediator:

  1. Shall not be an employee of KDE or the school district that is involved in the education or care of your child; and
  2. Shall not have a personal or professional interest which conflicts with the mediator’s objectivity.

A person who otherwise qualifies as a mediator is not an employee of KDE or a school district solely because he or she is paid by KDE or the district to serve as a mediator.

34 CFR §300.518

Except as provided below under the heading, PROCEDURES WHEN DISCIPLINING CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES, once a due process hearing request is sent to the other party, during the resolution process time period, and while waiting for the decision of any impartial due process hearing or court proceeding, unless you and the State or school district agree otherwise, your child must remain in his or her current educational placement.

If the due process hearing involves an application for initial admission to public school, your child, with your consent, must be placed in the regular public school program until the completion of all such proceedings.

If the due process hearing involves an application for initial services under IDEA for a child who is transitioning from First Steps to preschool and who is no longer eligible for First Steps services because the child has turned three, the school district is not required to provide the First Steps services that the child has been receiving.  If the child is found eligible under IDEA for preschool services and you consent for the child to receive special education and related services for the first time, then, pending the outcome of any appeals, the school district must provide those special education and related services that are not in dispute (those which you and the school district both agree upon).

34 CFR §300.510

Resolution meeting

Within 15 days of receiving notice of your due process complaint, and before the due process hearing begins, the school district must convene a meeting with you and the relevant member or members of the Admissions and Release Committee (ARC) who have specific knowledge of the facts identified in your due process hearing request. The meeting:

  1. Must include a representative of the school district who has decision-making authority on behalf of the school district; and
  2. May not include an attorney of the school district unless you are accompanied by an attorney.

You and the school district determine the relevant members of the ARC to attend the meeting.

The purpose of the meeting is for you to discuss your hearing request, and the facts that form the basis of the request, so that the school district has the opportunity to resolve the dispute.

The resolution meeting is not necessary if:

  1. You and the school district agree in writing to waive the meeting; or
  2. You and the school district agree to use the mediation process, as described under the heading Mediation.

Resolution period

If the school district has not resolved the issues raised in your hearing request to your satisfaction within 30 days of the receipt of the hearing request (during the time period for the resolution process), the due process hearing may occur.

The 45-day time line for issuing a final decision begins at the expiration of the 30-day resolution period, with certain exceptions for adjustments made to the 30 day resolution period, as described below.

Except where you and the school district have both agreed to waive the resolution process or to use mediation, your failure to participate in the resolution meeting will delay the timelines for the resolution process and due process hearing until you agree to participate in a meeting.

If after making reasonable efforts and documenting such efforts, the school district is not able to obtain your participation in the resolution meeting, the school district may, at the end of the 30-day resolution period, request that a hearing officer dismiss your due process complaint.  Documentation of the district’s efforts must include a record of its attempts to arrange a mutually agreed upon time and place, such as:

  1. Detailed records of telephone calls made or attempted and the results of those calls;

  2. Copies of correspondence sent to you and any responses received; and

  3. Detailed records of visits made to your home or place of employment and the results of those visits.

    If the school district fails to hold the resolution meeting within 15 days of receiving notice of your hearing request or fails to participate in the resolution meeting, you may ask a hearing officer to order that the 45-day timeline for the due process hearing begin.

Adjustments to the 30-day resolution period

If you and the school district agree in writing to waive the resolution meeting, then the 45-day timeline for the due process hearing starts the next day.

After the start of mediation or the resolution meeting and before the end of the 30-day resolution period, if you and the school district agree in writing that no agreement is possible, then the 45-day time line for the due process hearing starts the next day.

If you and the school district agree to use the mediation process, at the end of the 30-day resolution period, both parties can agree in writing to continue the mediation until an agreement is reached. However, if either you or the school district withdraws from the mediation process, then the 45-day time line for the due process hearing starts the next day.

Written settlement agreement

If a resolution to the dispute is reached at the resolution meeting, you and the school district must enter into a legally binding agreement that is:

  1. Signed by you and a representative of the school district who has the authority to bind the school district; and
  2. Enforceable in any State court of competent jurisdiction (a court that has the authority under Kentucky law to hear this type of case) or in a United States Federal district court.

Agreement review period

If you and the school district enter into an agreement as a result of a resolution meeting, either party (you or the school district) may void the agreement within 3 business days of the time that both you and the school district signed the agreement.

34 CFR §300.11

Day means calendar day, unless otherwise indicated as business day or school day.

Business day means Monday through Friday, except for Federal and State holidays (unless holidays are specifically included in the definition of business day).

34 CFR §300.511

General

Whenever a due process hearing request is filed, you or the school district involved in the dispute must have an opportunity for an impartial due process hearing, as described in the Due Process Complaint/ Hearing Request and Resolution Process sections.

Impartial hearing officer

At a minimum, a hearing officer:

  1. Must not be an employee of KDE or the school district that is involved in the education or care of the child.  However, a person is not an employee of the agency solely because he/she is paid by the agency to serve as a hearing officer;
  2. Must not have a personal or professional interest that conflicts with the hearing officer’s objectivity in the hearing;
  3. Must be knowledgeable and understand the provisions of the IDEA, and Federal and State regulations pertaining to the IDEA, and legal interpretations of the IDEA by Federal and State courts; and
  4. Must have the knowledge and ability to conduct hearings, and to make and write decisions, consistent with appropriate, standard legal practice.

Each school district must keep a list of those persons who serve as hearing officers that includes a statement of the qualifications of each hearing officer.

Subject matter of due process hearing

The party (you or the school district) that requests the due process hearing may not raise issues at the due process hearing that were not addressed in the due process complaint, unless the other party agrees.

Timeline for requesting a hearing

You or the school district must request an impartial hearing on a due process complaint within three years of the date you or the school district knew or should have known about the issue addressed in the complaint.

Exceptions to the timeline

The three year timeline does not apply to you if you could not file a due process complaint because:

 

  1. The school district did not provide you with prior written notice or the procedural safeguards notice; or
  2. The school district specifically misrepresented that it had resolved the problem or issue that you are raising in your complaint; or
  3. The school district withheld information from you that was relevant to the hearing issues.

34 CFR §300.512

General

Any party to a due process hearing (including a hearing relating to disciplinary procedures) or an appeal, as described under the sub-heading Appeal of decisions; impartial review has the right to:

  1. Be accompanied and advised by a lawyer and/or persons with special knowledge or training regarding the problems of children with disabilities;
  2. Present evidence and confront, cross-examine, and require the attendance of witnesses;
  3. Prohibit the introduction of any evidence at the hearing that has not been disclosed to the other party at least five business days before the hearing;
  4. Obtain a written, or, at your option, electronic, word-for-word record of the hearing; and
  5. Obtain written, or, at your option, electronic findings of fact and decisions.

Additional disclosure of information

At least five business days prior to a due process hearing, you and the school district must disclose to each other all evaluations completed by that date and recommendations based on those evaluations that you or the school district intend to use at the hearing.   

A hearing officer may prevent any party that fails to comply with this requirement from introducing the relevant evaluation or recommendation at the hearing without the consent of the other party.

Parental rights at hearings

You must be given the right to:

  1. Have your child present;
  2. Open the hearing to the public; and
  3. Have the record of the hearing, the findings of fact and decisions provided to you at no cost.

34 CFR §300.513

Decision of hearing officer

A hearing officer’s decision on whether your child received a free appropriate public education (FAPE) must be based on substantive grounds.

In matters alleging a procedural violation, a hearing officer may find that your child did not receive FAPE only if the procedural inadequacies:

  1. Interfered with your child’s right to a free appropriate public education (FAPE);
  2. Significantly interfered with your opportunity to participate in the decision-making process regarding the provision of a free appropriate public education (FAPE) to your child; or
  3. Caused a deprivation of an educational benefit.

Construction clause

None of the provisions described above can be interpreted to prevent a hearing officer from ordering a school district to comply with the requirements in the procedural safeguards section of the Federal regulations under Part B of the IDEA (34 CFR §§300.500 through 300.536).

None of the provisions under the headings: Filing a Due Process Complaint/ Hearing Request; Due Process Complaint/Hearing Request; Model Forms; Resolution Process; Impartial Due Process Hearing; Hearing Rights; and Hearing Decisions (34 CFR §§300.507 through 300.513), can affect your right to file an appeal of the due process hearing decision with KDE.

Separate request for a due process hearing

Nothing in the procedural safeguards section of the Federal regulations under Part B of the IDEA (34 CFR §§300.500 through 300.536) can be interpreted to prevent you from filing a separate due process complaint on an issue separate from a due process complaint already filed.

Findings and decision to advisory panel and general public

KDE, after deleting any personally identifiable information, must:

  1. Provide the findings and decisions in the due process hearing or appeal to the State special education advisory panel; and
  2. Make those findings and decisions available to the public.

Appeals

34 CFR §300.514

Finality of hearing decision

A decision made in a due process hearing (including a hearing relating to disciplinary procedures) is final, except that any party involved in the hearing (you or the school district) may appeal the decision to KDE’s Exceptional Children Appeals Board (ECAB)

Appeal of decisions; impartial review

If a party (you or the school district) disagree with the hearing officer’s findings and decision, an appeal may be brought to the ECAB.

If there is an appeal, the ECAB must conduct an impartial review of the findings and decision appealed. The ECAB members conducting the review must:

  1. Examine the entire hearing record;
  2. Ensure that the procedures at the hearing were consistent with the requirements of due process;
  3. Seek additional evidence if necessary.  If a hearing is held to receive additional evidence, the hearing rights described above under the heading Hearing Rights apply;
  4. Give the parties an opportunity for oral or written argument, or both, at the discretion of the reviewing official;
  5. Make an independent decision on completion of the review; and
  6. Give you and the school district a copy of the written, or, at your option, electronic findings of fact and decisions.

Findings and decision to advisory panel and general public

KDE, after deleting any personally identifiable information, must:

  1. Provide the findings and decisions of the appeal to the State special education advisory panel; and
  2. Make those findings and decisions available to the public.

Finality of review decision

The decision made by the ECAB is final unless you or the school district brings a civil action, as described below.

34 CFR §300.515

KDE must ensure that not later than 45 days after the expiration of the 30-day period for resolution meetings or, as described under the sub-heading Adjustments to the 30-day resolution period, not later than 45 days after the expiration of the adjusted time period:

  1. A final decision is reached in the hearing; and

  2. A copy of the decision is mailed to you and the school district.

    KDE must also ensure that not later than 30 days after the receipt of a request for review of the hearing decision:

  3. A final decision is reached in the review; and

  4. A copy of the decision is mailed to you and the school district.

    A hearing officer may grant specific extensions of time beyond the periods described above (45 days for a hearing decision and 30 days for a review decision) if you or the school district make a request for a specific extension of the timeline.

    Each hearing and review involving oral arguments must be conducted at a time and place that is reasonably convenient to you and your child.

34 CFR §300.516

General

Any party (you or the school district) who does not agree with the findings and decision of the Exceptional Children Appeals Board (ECAB) has the right to bring a civil action with respect to the matter that was the subject of the due process hearing (including a hearing relating to disciplinary procedures). The action may be brought in a State court of competent jurisdiction  (a court that has the authority under Kentucky law to hear this type of case) or in a United States Federal district court without regard to the amount in dispute.

 

Time limitation

The party (you or the school district) bringing the action shall have 30 days from the date of the decision of the ECAB to file a civil action in court.

Additional procedures

In any civil action, the court:

  1. Receives the records of the administrative proceedings;
  2. Hears additional evidence at your request or at the school district's request; and
  3. Bases its decision on the preponderance of the evidence and grants the relief that the court determines to be appropriate.
Jurisdiction of Federal district courts

The Federal district courts of the United States have authority to rule on actions brought under Part B of the IDEA without regard to the amount in dispute.

Rule of construction

Nothing in Part B of the IDEA restricts or limits the rights, procedures, and remedies available under the U.S. Constitution, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Title V of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504), or other Federal laws protecting the rights of children with disabilities, except that before the filing of a civil action under these laws seeking relief that is also available under Part B of the IDEA, the due process procedures described above must be exhausted to the same extent as would be required if the party filed the action under Part B of the IDEA.  This means that you may have remedies available under other laws that overlap with those available under the IDEA, but in general, to obtain relief under those other laws, you must first use the available administrative remedies under the IDEA (i.e., the due process hearing request, resolution meeting, and impartial due process hearing procedures) before going directly into court.

34 CFR §300.517

General

In any action or proceeding brought under Part B of the IDEA, if you prevail, the court, in its discretion, may award reasonable attorneys’ fees as part of the costs to you.

In any action or proceeding brought under Part B of the IDEA, the court, in its discretion, may award reasonable attorneys’ fees as part of the costs to a prevailing school district or KDE, to be paid by your attorney, if the attorney: (a) filed a complaint or court case that the court finds is frivolous, unreasonable, or without foundation; or (b) continued to litigate after the litigation clearly became frivolous, unreasonable, or without foundation; or

In any action or proceeding brought under Part B of the IDEA, the court, in its discretion, may award reasonable attorneys’ fees as part of the costs to a prevailing school district or KDE, to be paid by you or your attorney, if your request for a due process hearing or later court case was presented for any improper purpose, such as to harass, to cause unnecessary delay, or to unnecessarily increase the cost of the action or proceeding.

Award of fees

A court awards reasonable attorneys’ fees as follows:

  1. Fees must be based on rates prevailing in the community in which the action or hearing arose for the kind and quality of services furnished. No bonus or multiplier may be used in calculating the fees awarded.
  2. Fees may not be awarded and related costs may not be reimbursed in any action or proceeding under Part B of the IDEA for services performed after a written offer of settlement to you if:
    1. The offer is made within the time prescribed by Rule 68 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure or, in the case of a due process hearing or State-level review, at any time more than 10 days before the proceeding begins;

    2. The offer is not accepted within 10 days; and

    3. The court or administrative hearing officer finds that the relief finally obtained by you is not more favorable to you than the offer of settlement.

      Despite these restrictions, an award of attorneys’ fees and related costs may be made to you if you prevail and you were substantially justified in rejecting the settlement offer.

  1. Fees may not be awarded relating to any meeting of the Admissions and Release Committee (ARC) unless the meeting is held as a result of an administrative proceeding or court action.
  2. Fees also may not be awarded for a mediation as described under the heading Mediation.
  3. A resolution meeting, as described under the heading Resolution meeting, is not considered a meeting convened as a result of an administrative hearing or court action, and also is not considered an administrative hearing or court action for purposes of these attorneys’ fees provisions.

The court reduces, as appropriate, the amount of the attorneys’ fees awarded under Part B of the IDEA, if the court finds that:

  1. You, or your attorney, during the course of the action or proceeding, unreasonably delayed the final resolution of the dispute;
  2. The amount of the attorneys’ fees otherwise authorized to be awarded unreasonably exceeds the hourly rate prevailing in the community for similar services by attorneys of reasonably similar skill, reputation, and experience;
  3. The time spent and legal services furnished were excessive considering the nature of the action or proceeding; or
  4. The attorney representing you did not provide to the school district the appropriate information in the due process request notice as described under the heading, Due Process Complaint/ Hearing Request.

However, the court may not reduce fees if the court finds that the school district or KDE unreasonably delayed the final resolution of the action or proceeding or there was a violation under the procedural safeguards provisions of Part B of the IDEA.

 

34 CFR §300.530

Case-by-case determination

School personnel may consider any unique circumstances on a case-by-case basis, when determining whether a change of placement, made in accordance with the following requirements related to discipline, is appropriate for a child with a disability who violates a school code of student conduct.

General

The following provisions apply, unless a shorter time period is set forth in the district’s policies and procedures.

To the extent that they also take such action for children without disabilities, school personnel may, for not more than 10 school days in a row, remove a child with a disability who violates a code of student conduct from his or her current placement.  The child may be removed to;

  • an appropriate interim alternative educational setting (which must be determined by the child's Admissions and Release Committee (ARC),

  • another setting, or

  • suspension.

    School personnel may also impose additional removals of the child of not more than 10 school days in a row in that same school year for separate incidents of misconduct, as long as those removals do not constitute a change of placement.  (For the definition of Change of Placement Because of Disciplinary Removals, see below).

    Once a child with a disability has been removed from his or her current placement for a total of 10 school days in the same school year, the school district must, during any subsequent days of removal in that school year, provide services to the extent required.  (See explanation below, under the sub-heading, Services.

Additional authority

If the behavior that violated the student code of conduct was not a manifestation of the child’s disability (see Manifestation determination, below) and the disciplinary change of placement would exceed 10 school days in a row, school personnel may apply the disciplinary procedures to that child with a disability in the same manner and for the same duration as it would to children without disabilities, except that the school must provide services to that child as described below under Services.  The child’s ARC determines the interim alternative educational setting for such services.

In no event shall the school district terminate educational services to students with disabilities who have been expelled.

Services

The services that must be provided to a child with a disability who has been removed from the child’s current placement may be provided in an interim alternative educational setting.

A school district is only required to provide services to a child with a disability who has been removed from his or her current placement for 10 school days or less in that school year, if it provides services to a child without disabilities who has been similarly removed. 

A child with a disability who is removed from the child’s current placement for more than 10 school days must:

  1. Continue to receive educational services, so as to enable the child to continue to participate in the general education curriculum, although in another setting, and to progress toward meeting the goals set out in the child’s IEP; and
  2. Receive, as appropriate, a functional behavioral assessment, and behavioral intervention services and modifications that are designed to address the behavior violation so that it does not happen again.   

 

If a child with a disability has been removed from his or her current placement for 10 school days in that same school year, and

  • < > the current removal is for 10 school days in a row or less and

    if the removal is not a change of placement (see definition below),

    then school personnel, in consultation with at least one of the child’s teachers, determine the extent to which services are needed to enable the child to continue to participate in the general education curriculum, although in another setting, and to progress toward meeting the goals set out in the child’s IEP.

    If the removal is a change of placement (see definition below), the child’s ARC determines the appropriate services to enable the child to continue to participate in the general education curriculum, although in another setting, and to progress toward meeting the goals set out in the child’s IEP.

Manifestation determination

Within 10 school days of any decision to change the educational placement of a child with a disability because of a violation of a code of student conduct (except for a removal that is for 10 school days in a row or less and not a change of placement), the school district, the parent, and relevant members of the ARC (as determined by the parent and the school district) must do a Manifestation Determination.  The relevant ARC members must review all relevant information in the student’s file, including:

  • the child’s IEP,

  • any teacher observations, and

  • any relevant information provided by the parents

    The relevant ARC members then determine:

  1. If the conduct in question was caused by, or had a direct and substantial relationship to, the child’s disability; or
  2. If the conduct in question was the direct result of the school district’s failure to implement the child's IEP.

If the school district, the parent, and relevant members of the child’s ARC determine that either of those conditions was met, the conduct must be determined to be a manifestation of the child’s disability.

If the school district, the parent, and relevant members of the child’s ARC determine that the conduct in question was the direct result of the school district’s failure to implement the IEP, the school district must take immediate action to remedy those deficiencies.

Determination that behavior was a manifestation of the child's disability

If the school district, the parent, and relevant members of the ARC determine that the conduct was a manifestation of the child’s disability, the ARC must either:

  1. Conduct a functional behavioral assessment, unless the school district had conducted a functional behavioral assessment before the behavior that resulted in the change of placement occurred, and implement a behavioral intervention plan for the child; or

  2. If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed, review the behavioral intervention plan, and modify it, as necessary, to address the behavior.

    Except as described below under the sub-heading, Special circumstances, the school district must return the child to the placement from which the child was removed, unless the parent and the district agree to a change of placement as part of the modification of the behavioral intervention plan.

Special circumstances

Whether or not the behavior was a manifestation of the child’s disability, school personnel may remove a student to an interim alternative educational setting (determined by the child’s ARC) for up to 45 school days, if the child:

  1. Carries a weapon (see the definition below) to school or has a weapon at school, on school premises, or at a school function under the jurisdiction of the school district or KDE;
  2. Knowingly has or uses illegal drugs (see the definition below), or sells or solicits the sale of a controlled substance, (see the definition below), while at school, on school premises, or at a school function under the jurisdiction of the school district or KDE; or
  3. Has inflicted serious bodily injury (see the definition below) upon another person while at school, on school premises, or at a school function under the jurisdiction of the school district or KDE;

Definitions

Controlled substance means a drug or other substance identified under schedules I, II, III, IV, or V in section 202(c) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 812(c)).

Illegal drug means a controlled substance; but does not include a controlled substance that is legally possessed or used under the supervision of a licensed health-care professional or that is legally possessed or used under any other authority under that Act or under any other provision of Federal law.

Serious bodily injury has the meaning given the term ‘‘serious bodily injury’’ under 18 U.S.C. 1365(h)(3).

Weapon has the meaning given the term ‘‘dangerous weapon’’ under 18 U.S.C. 930(g)(2).

 

Notification

On the date it makes the decision to make a removal that is a change of placement of the child because of a violation of a code of student conduct, the school district must notify the parents of that decision and provide the parents with a procedural safeguards notice.

34 CFR §300.536

A removal of a child with a disability from the child’s current educational placement is a change of placement if:

  1. The removal is for more than 10 school days in a row; or
  2. The child has been subjected to a series of removals that constitute a pattern because:
    1. The series of removals total more than 10 school days in a school year;

    2. The child’s behavior is substantially similar to the child’s behavior in previous incidents that resulted in the series of removals;

    3. Of such additional factors as the length of each removal, the total amount of time the child has been removed, and the proximity of the removals to one another; and

      Whether a pattern of removals constitutes a change of placement is determined on a case-by-case basis by the school district and, if challenged, is subject to review through due process and judicial proceedings.

34 CFR § 300.531

The ARC must determine the interim alternative educational setting for removals that are changes of placement and removals under the headings, Additional authority and Special circumstances, above.

34 CFR § 300.532

General

The parent of a child with a disability may file a due process hearing request (see above, Filing a Due Process Complaint (Due Process Hearing Request) to request a due process hearing if he or she disagrees with:

  1. Any decision regarding placement made under these discipline provisions; or
  2. The manifestation determination described above.

The school district may file a due process complaint (see above, Filing a Due Process Complaint (Due Process Hearing Request) to request a due process hearing if it believes that maintaining the current placement of the child is substantially likely to result in injury to the child or to others.

Authority of hearing officer

A hearing officer that meets the requirements described under the sub-heading, Impartial Hearing Officer, must conduct the due process hearing and make a decision. The hearing officer may:

  1. Return the child with a disability to the placement from which the child was removed if the hearing officer determines that the removal was a violation of the requirements described under the heading, Authority of School Personnel, or that the child’s behavior was a manifestation of the child’s disability; or
  2. Order a change of placement of the child with a disability to an appropriate interim alternative educational setting for not more than 45 school days if the hearing officer determines that maintaining the current placement of the child is substantially likely to result in injury to the child or to others.

These hearing procedures may be repeated, if the school district believes that returning the child to the original placement is substantially likely to result in injury to the child or to others.

Whenever a parent or a school district files a due process complaint to request such a hearing, a hearing must be held that meets the requirements described under the headings, Due Process Complaint Procedures, Hearings on Due Process Complaints, and Appeal of decisions; impartial review, except as follows:

  1. KDE must arrange for an expedited due process hearing, which must occur within 20 school days of the date the hearing is requested and must result in a determination within 10 school days after the hearing.

  2. Unless the parents and the school district agree in writing to waive the meeting, or agree to use mediation, a resolution meeting must occur within seven days of receiving notice of the due process complaint. The hearing may proceed unless the matter has been resolved to the satisfaction of both parties within 15 days of receipt of the due process complaint.

    A party may appeal the decision in an expedited due process hearing in the same way as they may for decisions in other due process hearings (see Appeals, above).

34 CFR §300.533

When, as described above, the parent or school district has filed a due process complaint related to disciplinary matters, the child must (unless the parent and the school district agree otherwise) remain in the interim alternative educational setting pending the decision of the hearing officer, or until the expiration of the time period of removal as provided for and described under the heading, Authority of School Personnel, whichever occurs first.

34 CFR §300.534

General

If a child has not been determined eligible for special education and related services and violates a code of student conduct, but the school district had knowledge (as determined below) before the behavior that brought about the disciplinary action occurred, that the child was a child with a disability, then the child may assert any of the protections described in this notice.

Basis of knowledge for disciplinary matters

A school district must be deemed to have knowledge that a child is a child with a disability if, before the behavior that brought about the disciplinary action occurred:

  1. The parent of the child expressed concern in writing that the child is in need of special education and related services to supervisory or administrative personnel of the appropriate educational agency, or a teacher of the child;

  2. The parent requested an evaluation related to eligibility for special education and related services under IDEA; or

  3. The child’s teacher or other school district personnel expressed specific concerns about a pattern of behavior demonstrated by the child directly to the school district’s director of special education or to other supervisory personnel of the school district.

Exception

A school district would not be deemed to have such knowledge if:

  1. The child’s parent has not allowed an evaluation of the child or refused special education services; or

  2. The child has been evaluated and determined to not be a child with a disability under IDEA.

Conditions that apply if there is no basis of knowledge

If prior to taking disciplinary measures against the child, a school district does not have knowledge that a child is a child with a disability, as described above under the sub-headings, Basis of knowledge for disciplinary matters and Exception, the child may be subjected to the disciplinary measures that are applied to children without disabilities who engaged in comparable behaviors.

However, if a request is made for an evaluation of a child during the time period in which the child is subjected to disciplinary measures, the evaluation must be conducted in an expedited manner.

Until the evaluation is completed, the child remains in the educational placement determined by school authorities, which can include suspension or expulsion without educational services.

If the child is determined to be a child with a disability, taking into consideration information from the evaluation conducted by the school district, and information provided by the parents, the school district must provide special education and related services in accordance with IDEA, including the disciplinary requirements described above.

34 CFR §300.535

Part B of the IDEA does not:

  1. Prohibit an agency from reporting a crime committed by a child with a disability to appropriate authorities; or

  2. Prevent State law enforcement and judicial authorities from exercising their responsibilities with regard to the application of Federal and State law to crimes committed by a child with a disability.

Transmittal of records

If a school district reports a crime committed by a child with a disability, the school district:

  1. Must ensure that copies of the child’s special education and disciplinary records are transmitted for consideration by the authorities to whom the agency reports the crime; and

  2. May transmit copies of the child’s special education and disciplinary records only to the extent permitted by the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA).

     

34 CFR §300.148

Part B of the IDEA does not require a school district to pay for the cost of special education and related services of your child with a disability at a private school or facility, if the school district made a free appropriate public education (FAPE) available to your child and you choose to place the child in a private school or facility. However, the school district where the private school is located must include your child in the population whose needs are addressed under the Part B provisions regarding children who have been placed by their parents in a private school under 34 CFR §§300.131 through 300.144.
Reimbursement for private school placement
If your child previously received special education and related services under the authority of a school district, and you choose to enroll your child in a private preschool, elementary school, or secondary school without the consent of or referral by the school district, a court or a hearing officer may require the district to reimburse you for the cost of that enrollment if the court or hearing officer finds that the district had not made a free appropriate public education (FAPE) available to your child in a timely manner prior to that enrollment.  The Court or hearing officer must also find that your private placement is appropriate, in order for you to receive reimbursement.
 A hearing officer or court may find your placement to be appropriate, even if the placement does not meet the State standards that apply to education provided by the KDE and school districts.
Limitation on reimbursement
The cost of reimbursement described in the paragraph above may be reduced or denied:
1          (a) If, at the most recent Admissions and Release Committee (ARC) meeting that you attended prior to your removal of your child from the public school, you did not inform the IEP Team that you were rejecting the placement proposed by the school district to provide FAPE to your child, including stating your concerns and your intent to enroll your child in a private school at public expense; or 
(b) If at least 10 business days (including any holidays that occur on a business day) prior to your removal of your child from the public school, you did not give written notice to the school district of that information; 
2.        If, prior to your removal of your child from the public school, the school district provided prior written notice to you, of its intent to evaluate your child (including a statement of the purpose of the evaluation that was appropriate and reasonable), but you did not make the child available for the evaluation; or
  1. Upon a court’s finding that your actions were unreasonable.  
However, the cost of reimbursement:    
  1. Must not be reduced or denied for failure to provide the notice if:  
    • The school prevented you from providing the notice; 
    • You had not received notice of your responsibility to provide the notice described above; or 
    • Compliance with the requirements above would likely result in physical harm  to your child; and
  2. May, in the discretion of the court or a hearing officer, not be reduced or denied for the parents’ failure to provide the required notice if:  
    • The parent is not literate or cannot write in English; or 
    • Compliance with the above requirement would likely result in serious emotional harm to the child.

  

Laurel County Schools spacer
cms login intranet login RSS news
spacer
Laurel County Schools
718 North Main Street
London, KY 40741

Phone: (606) 862-4600
Fax: (606) 862-4601
map